The EN 149 standard defines FFP2 masks as a "Filtering Face Piece" in Europe. These mechanical filters are found in what is technically referred to as "respirators," but are more frequently referred to as "FFP masks." FFP2 face masks differ from KN95 or N95 masks in that they have unique features and adhere to a different regulatory standard.
FFP2 face masks are classified as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) since they shield the wearer from particulates such as dust, particles, and aerosols.
This mask is commonly used in the construction, pharmaceutical, glass, foundry, and agriculture industries. Powdered chemicals are effectively filtered away. It also defends against respiratory viruses such as avian influenza, Covid-19, and SARS.
FFP2 masks are especially suggested for health workers who come into contact with Covid-19 regularly, according to the WHO and numerous health agencies.
Respiratory masks like the N95 and FFP2 are comparable. These masks are said to protect the wearer as well as others around them. According to research, the filtration systems of FFP2 and N95 masks are 94 and 95 percent effective, respectively, according to the World Health Organization. Because of their increased effectiveness, countries like Austria and Germany have made them a necessity for public transportation.
So, what distinguishes these respiratory masks from surgical or cotton face masks in terms of filtration? FFP2 masks are made up of three layers of synthetic non-woven fabrics, each of which comes in a variety of thicknesses, with filtration layers in between.
The strong outcomes are due to this confluence of circumstances. But what do you mean by 94 to 95 percent of what? This value is obtained by testing masks with NaCl (sodium chloride) particles and paraffin oil (just for FFP2 testing; the N95 certification process uses only NaCl). FFP2 respirator masks filter down to 0.075 micrometer solid particles, but regular medical masks only filter three-micrometer droplets. The masks are then put to the test to check what percentage of these microscopic particles make it through, which in the case of FFP2 certification is just 6% or fewer.
FFP2 is one of the most effective protective face masks, filtering up to 94 percent of Coronavirus particles. It filters noxious smells, gases, and fluids as well as protecting against airborne bacteria and viruses.
In a nutshell, FFP2 adheres to the same design principles as the worldwide N95.
In Germany, the Robert Koch Institute suggested that all medical personnel wear FFP2 face masks during the first COVID wave in 2020. They're now being used by the general population as well, thanks to their high output rate.
Because of its outstanding shielding capabilities, FFP2 respirator masks are already being used in an increasing number of nursing homes and senior care facilities.
It's worth noting, though, that FFP2 face masks provide some protection against foreign particles. In COVID hot zones, these might not be the greatest face masks to wear!
Here are some reasons to check out our FFP2 face masks and make an informed decision for your health:
Following the World Health Organization's recommendations, these masks are only made to protect against COVID-19. The notional protection factor supplied by these filter half masks for this particular application is the same as the nominal protection factor FFP2 described in EN 149: 2001 + A1: 2009.
PPE-R / 02.075 version 2 is a self-filtering masks test method based on the EN 149 standard, in which numerous portions of the EN 149: 2001 + A1: 2009 standard are applied, including the filter penetration test using an aqueous NaCl spray. The Health and Safety Requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 apply to masks that meet this specification.
This group includes Nobraa's FFP2 masks, which offer excellent protection against coronaviruses.
The average filtering efficiency of our mask is 98 percent, according to the findings of AITEX's tests (average penetration at 120 mg of sodium chloride 3.5 min: 1.9 percent )
They are certified to EN 149: 2001 + A1: 2009, as amended by RfU PPE-R / 02.075 by the notified authority 0161. (AITEX). According to the European Directive 89/686 / ECCEN, CE 0161 marking is required.
There has been a surge in public interest in the FFP2 mask since the outbreak began (also known as an FFP2 respirator mask). This is understandable given that, unlike fabric and surgical masks, they offer two-way filtration.
To stem the spread of new, more transmissible variants of the virus, some European countries, including Germany and Austria, have made the use of an FFP2 level respirator mask mandatory in most public areas, with other countries considering the following suit.
During aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs), the WHO also recommends that healthcare personnel wear respirator masks such as the FFP2 and N95, which have a tighter fit than surgical masks and thus provide a higher level of protection.
There were global shortages of the necessary face coverings at the onset of the pandemic, therefore they were only suggested for use by healthcare personnel.
However, manufacturing has expanded to satisfy demand, especially as governments try to contain the spread of COVID-19 strains that are more transmissible and vaccine-resistant.
FFP3 masks are normally recommended for high-risk AGPs in medical settings, although the UK Health & Safety Executive agrees that 'where FFP3 respirators are not available, FFP2 respirators may be used. According to the NHS, these respirators have a median lifespan in healthcare settings of 3-8 hours, depending on environmental variables. With such strong medical backing, it's simple to understand why an FFP2 mask would be a safer and more effective face covering for both businesses and the general public.
While the word ‘N95' is commonly used about respirator masks, it refers to American standards and is not approved for medical use in the EU. FFP2 respirators, on the other hand, are CE-approved and tested to EN 149:2001 and A1:2009 standards, making them appropriate for usage in European medical environments.
Despite their differences in certifications, due to the increased demand for respirators during the pandemic, a committee of experts from PHE and HSE conducted a fast study to compare the N95 and FFP2. They discovered that there is no discernible difference between the two and that they offer 'similar protection against coronavirus as long as the wearer has passed a facial fit test' (HSE 2020).
The most significant advantage of the N95 or KN95 masks is that they filter out 95% of aerosol particulates. Both masks are designed to be worn over the mouth and nose and are comprised of various synthetic material layers. They both filter out 95% of aerosol particles that could potentially transmit the new coronavirus by correctly wearing the mask.
The majority of these distinctions are minor and uninteresting to the average mask wearer. The following are the significant distinctions:
Both the N95s and the KN95s are rated to collect 95% of particles. Among the small changes, only KN95 masks must pass fit testing, whereas N95 masks must meet slightly higher breathability standards.
Don't panic; even though breathing via a mask can be difficult at times, dying from oxygen deprivation is extremely unlikely when wearing one.
Because there are many fake protective masks on the market, always check that yours have the standards clearly displayed on them and that the company you're buying from can offer the testing certification. Unfortunately, certification can be faked as well, therefore double-check the certifying body's credentials against the European Safety Federation's database.
It's not that difficult to disinfect and decontaminate N95 or KN95 face masks. You just need to make sure that you have inactivated the pathogen without jeopardizing the mask's filtration or fit.
When there are enough supplies, KN95 and N95 face masks are routinely replaced after each use.
Researchers at Duke Health have investigated the use of vaporized hydrogen peroxide to sterilize N95 face masks. They successfully decontaminated N95 face masks using "specialist equipment" in their biocontainment laboratory.
The vaporized hydrogen peroxide was able to penetrate the layers of the mask and destroy bacteria without causing the mask to deteriorate.
Unfortunately, not every hospital has this technology, but there are other options for sterilization listed below.
The University of Tennessee conducted a series of studies with heat and concluded that heating a mask at 70 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes can offer decontamination for N95 or KN95 masks while maintaining filter integrity.
SARS-CoV-2 tests at the National Institutes of Health showed that this approach can be utilized for two cycles to destroy the virus without compromising good fit. The CDC has not yet recommended this based on continuing research.
UVGI (Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation) is another approach for killing Corona Viruses that is already being used by several institutions. N95Decon discovered intriguing results indicating that UV-C radiation can successfully render COVID-19 inactive in a recent non-peer-reviewed study.
This was done with precise dosage measurements and sufficient light penetration onto the masks' surface material, or FFR.
If the entire surface of the mask and straps could be dosed with enough UV-C, this appeared to be one of the more viable ways.
Although moist heat (60-70°C and 80-85 percent relative humidity) has been demonstrated to kill flu viruses, it is unlikely to be a viable choice for decontaminating and cleaning N95 or KN95 masks because it can compromise the mask's filtration performance. The CDC does not currently approve of this practice.
The quick answer is that you shouldn't wash them with soap and water in the traditional sense. When cleaning N95 or KN95 masks, there are two things you should never do:
Boiling, steaming, or washing N95 face masks with a paper outer and inner layer will cause the filer medium substance to disintegrate.
A study conducted by Doctor Tsai of the University of Tennessee at Knoxville found that cleaning masks with alcohol or soapy water resulted in significant reductions in mask filtration efficiency. As a result, avoid using either of these procedures.
If your mask isn't comprised of paper, such as the exterior and inner layers, you might be able to clean it by boiling it.
Our FFP2/KN95/N95 face masks are CE approved and filter at least 95 percent of non-oil-based airborne particles. The FFP2/KN95/N95 masks are designed to be lightweight to maximize worker acceptance and wear time. Several layers of non-woven polypropylene (synthetic polymer) cloth make up our masks. The FDA-approved FFP2/KN95/N95 masks keep harmful particles out.
Buying an FFP2 mask is easy at Nobraa. Here you can order your medical masks online, after which they will often be delivered to your home the very next day. At Nobraa, you can enjoy even more benefits: the more medical masks you order, the higher the benefit for you. The advantage can be as high as 35%!