Filtering Face Piece (FFP3) masks are respirator masks with a filter or valve to enable wearers to breathe through the slightly thicker, tighter fabric and protect them from airborne particles.
The FFP2, often known as the N95 mask, or the FFP3 mask is used by healthcare staff caring for Covid-19 patients. The N95, surgical masks, and reusable fabric masks are among the most commonly used masks by the general public. According to medical experts, the two-layer N95 mask helps filter out 94% of airborne particles.
Meanwhile, the three-layered FFP3 mask will filter out at least 99 percent of airborne particles. The FFP3 differs from the FFP2 in that it has an extra layer of protection and is designed for a tighter face fit to block out all particles. FFP3 masks are the FFPs' highest filtering masks. They guard against very small particles such as asbestos with a minimum filtering percentage of 99 percent and a maximum leakage rate of 2% to the inside.
FFP3 respirators filter up to 30 times the respective OEL. It stands for "occupational exposure limit" (OEL). If an employee works for eight hours a day, five days a week, this is the average concentration of a material in the breathable air at the workplace up to which no harm (chronic or acute) is expected.
Workers wearing FFP3 respirator masks were less likely to develop or spread coronavirus than those wearing fluid resistant surgical masks, according to a study conducted by the Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
The findings show that FFP3 masks, which are worn more firmly, provide superior protection than fluid-resistant PPE masks or their fabric counterparts, which are more widespread among the general population and are not normally classified as PPE.
The observations, which were published in an online research paper, have not yet been peer-reviewed, with scientists stating that more research into the study's conclusions would be required before they can be properly confirmed.
They shield the user from hazardous dust, smoke, and aerosols that can be damaging to one's health. In workplaces where carcinogenic or radioactive substances are handled, FFP3 respirators are employed. Viruses, bacteria, and fungal spores are examples of pathogens.
FFP2 and FFP3 Face Masks are European grades of respirators that are assessed for leakage to the face and filtration efficiency in the direction of inspiration (outside to inside).
FFP2 face masks are the equivalent of N95 face masks, which fulfill the World Health Organization's criteria for Covid-19 protection. FFP2 masks have a minimum filtering percentage of 94 percent and a maximum leakage rate of 8% to the inside. These masks aren't contoured to fit your face; instead, they're held in place by an elastic earloop and last anywhere from 3 to 8 hours, depending on the atmosphere.
With a minimum filtration of 99 percent and a maximum leakage of 2% to the inside, FFP3 face masks are the most effective at filtering. Because the filtering material is substantially thicker, these masks are better contoured to your face for a more snug fit and often contain a valve to help breathe. The valve also helps to keep moisture out of the mask, extending its life. Asbestos handling usually necessitates the use of FFP3 masks.
The wearer of FFP2, FFP3, N95, and other respirator masks is protected from the viral transmission.
The protection from droplets is one of the main reasons for wearing a respirator. When a sick person coughs or sneezes near us, for example, the respirator creates a barrier to keep their bodily fluids from reaching our face.
Because droplets are often big, gravity pulls them down to land on objects rather than keeping them in the air. As a result, they don't travel very far. Microdroplets, which are emitted even when talking, is the subject of inquiry. Microdroplets are captured on video using high-speed cameras in this Vimeo movie by Japanese researchers. Large droplets are known to play a function in transmission, while the role of tiny droplets is unknown.
Aerosolized virus particles may linger in the air for some time. When someone sneezes, for example, the first issue is expelled droplets, which travel a short distance, and the second is aerosolized virus particles, which stay in the air for longer.
There is currently disagreement and confusion about how long Covid-19 can remain aerosolized and how dangerous it is compared to other vectors.
What we can do is be informed about current research and err on the side of caution until it's confirmed.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) released research in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) (link) on what can happen in controlled lab conditions. They utilized a nebulizer, which turns liquids into aerosols, to see how long the virus remained detectable in the air after being aerosolized. They also looked at how long the virus might be detected on different surfaces. The virus remained detectable for the whole duration of the aerosolization experiment, which was 3 hours.
Finally, because the respirator protects our face, it makes it difficult for us to contact an infected object and spread the virus to our mouth and nose. In addition to the two benefits described above, this is a nice bonus. All we have to do now is make sure we wash our hands thoroughly after removing the respirator.
Doctors in the United Arab Emirates have asked for the mass manufacturing of a three-layer face mask to defend against the extremely contagious Delta strain of Covid-19.
Several SARS-CoV-2 variations are circulating the world. One is the B.1.617 lineage, which was discovered earlier this year in India. Early data reveals that its Delta variant sub-line B.1.617.2 is more transferrable than current lines.
It is classified as a variation of concern by the World Health Organization (WHO), which has given it the name Delta (VOC). It continues to see "much-increased mobility" and an "increasing number of nations reporting outbreaks associated with this variation," according to the organization.
People should quadruple their protection against the Delta type of covid-19, according to the doctors. According to medics, the FFP3 mask provides four times the protection of the regularly used two-layer N95 mask. With three layers of protection, the FFP3 sits closer to the face and filters out 99 percent of airborne particles.
The FFP2, commonly known as the N95 mask, or the FFP3 mask is used by health workers caring for Covid-19 patients. The N95, surgical masks, and reusable cotton masks are some of the most commonly used masks by the general public.
According to a filter solutions firm, the two-layer N95 mask filters out 94 percent of airborne particles. Meanwhile, the three-layer FFP3 mask filters out at least 99 percent of the particles in the air. The added layer of protection plus the fact that the FFP3 is built for a tighter facial fit to block out all particles are the main differences between the two.
Valved and non-valved FFP3 face masks are available.
If your FFP3 has a valve, cup your palm over the mask and take a deep breath. If you have a non-valved FFP3 face mask, cup your hand over it and take a deep breath out.
When doing these tests, there should be no pressure inside the mask. If air enters the mask, adjust the straps and reposition the mask around your nose before testing again.
Our FFP3 face masks are intended to be used only once. Please dispose of your used face mask in a clinical waste bin once it has been used.
To properly wear your mask and avoid contact with the virus, there are certain measures to follow. Before handling the mask, we recommend that you wash your hands well.
Do not touch or remove/replace the mask once it is in place. If you do, wash your hands with soap and water soon away or use a hydro-alcoholic gel. When your mask becomes damp or moist, it should be replaced. If you're using reusable masks, make sure to wash and dry them well before using them again. You might have noticed folks wearing surgical masks but not covering their nose.
You must pass the face fit test before wearing an FFP3 mask; if the seal is poor, your protection may be compromised. 6 Fit testing for respiratory protective equipment (RPE) are divided into two categories:
A single individual performs the test. When giving instructions and demonstrating how to put on a mask, you should note that they maintain social distance by standing away from you. 6 Each person is usually given a 30-minute time slot for their test.
A taste sensitivity assessment is performed before the fittest. Before your taste sensitivity screening/fittest, you should be nil by mouth (including chewing gum) and not smoke for at least 15 minutes. A hood is placed over your head, and your mouth should be slightly open. The operator then squeezes the nebulizer's bulb, releasing an aerosol into the hood; you must indicate whether you can smell its taste (some are sweet, some bitter). If you're sensitive to the taste, you can move on to the fittest; if you're not, you'll need a different fit test. Before your fit test, remove the hood and sip water to help eradicate the aerosol flavor.
The fit test begins with the tester demonstrating how to put on an FFP3 mask. After that, the candidate puts on their own mask and molds it to their face. It's a good idea to check your mask in the mirror or have a colleague check it for you (for example, checking hair is not trapped in the seal of their mask).
A fit check is performed as part of the fit test. Exhale and place your hand around the mask, but not touching it; no air should escape (for example, from under your chin). However, you may notice air escaping through the mask valve.
The hood is then repositioned over your head. The aerosol is sprayed once more, this time while you are doing various duties (each for 60 seconds). If you can taste the aerosol at any point throughout the fit test, tell the tester.
The following is the order in which the tasks are completed:
If you don't taste the aerosol throughout the test, you passed it and the mask is considered to be a good match for you. If you taste the aerosol, you failed the test and the mask was determined to be an insufficient fit for you; you may be retested with a new kind, size, or model of FFP3 mask.
Some masks are unable to make an adequate seal on your face due to certain types of facial hair, reducing your protection against the virus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has said that stubble, full beards, and extended goatees are not compatible with the respirator. A soul patch, side whiskers, and walrus mustache have all been offered as suitable options. Please keep in mind that these are not all-inclusive lists.
Some people are unable to remove their beard for religious reasons; however, the HSE has said that alternate RPE are available.
As most of the research studies conducted around the world regarding the efficiency of FFP3 masks have proved it to be one of the best, there is no doubt in concluding that FFP3 will be the best option to choose from. It’s not only the right respirator for the ongoing pandemic, but also a great choice to protect yourself from various other impurities and viruses in the air.
Nobraa has a line of FFP3 face masks that provide the maximum level of filtration protection against potentially dangerous particles and dust. Because of the cushion-fit lining, our disposable FFP3 face masks can be used for longer periods of time with less pain.
An FFP3 face mask will only offer you the correct level of protection if it creates an adequate seal around your nose and mouth. We understand that people come in all shapes and sizes and that’s why we offer varieties of FFP3 face masks. Each one is designed to offer you the highest level of filtration protection, but the variations in shape and structure allow you to select a mask to fit you.
For more information contact us today at +31 800 401 0400, or you can also mail us at [email protected]